Hi everyone and welcome to today’s edition of your Edmonton electrician where we bring customer service back to the trades.
In today’s edition of your Edmonton electrician, we’re going to be talking about well grounding and bonding and the differences between grounding and bonding. As always here at Hauer power electrical, we are happy to answer our customers questions and concerns. If you or anyone you know has an electrical concern or electrical topic that you would like to hear about, then we want to hear about that.
Get at us and we would love to do a video about it or shoot you jet the answer personally as your professional Edmonton electrician, our mission is to provide you with power through customer service. So in today’s video we’re going to go through commercial bonding and grounding differences, the differences between grounding and bonding by definition as well as by application.
So first I’m going to hit you up with a fact here. If you search Edmonton electrical contractor on Google, you will get 1.6 5 million results. And if you search Edmonton of commercial electrical companies, you get 2.2 1 million results. So it’s a pretty intimidating figure if you’re trying to find a quality electrician for your electrical problem and you don’t know where to look. You’re at Hauer Power. Our mission is customer service. Get out us.
We’d love to give you a free estimate and have a look at your system. So here’s a story. We did a service call. A customer called us out said, Hey guys, we’re having some dimming lights and some flickering loads and we don’t know what it is. Can you come out and look? So we said, sure, go head out. First thing I look at is the main panel. And sure enough that grounding electrode was, it was not faulty, but it wasn’t installed correctly.
So they had a number six copper ground and that’s great. That came from their panel, from their neutral bus at their panel, and it went all the way down to their main water line, which was a metal waterline. So that’s great. But at the actual fitting at the actual, you clamp the Gar clamp, whatever you want to call it, at their bonding grounding clamp on their water main. It was never tightened, not by hand, not by a screwdriver.
You could spin it freely around and there was no connection there. It was, it wasn’t even resting on it. It was resting on the vapor barrier that was, that was intact around there. So whatever happened to that contractor that did it, the rest of their work looked great, but the grounding wasn’t there. So here are how our power, we do check sheets, templates. We make sure that there’s QA involved in your process so nothing gets missed when we build your house.
When we do a service call, as an Edmonton electrician, we go through and we’re thorough and we have a look at everything and that way we can know for sure that it’s been done. So we restrict that copper ground at that customer’s house, re secured it and we recommended a surge protector for them. And prior to the surge protector, just the re securing of that ground really helped with the dimming of all their lights. Cause was excessive.
They would turn on a lamp and it would really, really dimmed down and some dimming is okay, but whenever a large load kicks in, however, at the level they had it, it was not okay. It was unacceptable. The CEC, the Canadian electrical code, that’s what we abide by here in Edmonton, Alberta. They define all the definitions for grounding, for bonding, for grounding, conductor, for bonding, conductor for grounding electrode for all these different terms.
They have section zero of the Canadian electrical code to define it so that we have something to go off of as a whole. Every electrician can go off of this definition. So a bonding is defined by the Canadian electrical code.
This is the definition in that code bonding is defined as a low impedance path obtained by permanently joining all non-current curing metal parts to ensure electrical continuity and having the capacity to conduct safely any current likely to be imposed on it. That’s quite a mouthful. That’s all one sentence. And that’s quite a mouthful for if you don’t know the terminology that’s really coherent with that term.
But there is a difference between grounding and there is a difference between bonding. The two have many similarities but uh, a core difference grounding different than bonding grounding in the CEC is defined as a permanent and conductive path back to earth with sufficient capacity to carry any fault current liabilities we imposed on it and have the capacity to conduct safely.
Any current, Oh, I think I misread that. Sorry. We have grounding is a permanent and conductive path to the earth with sufficient AmpaCity to carry any fault current liable to be imposed at it and have a sufficiently low impedance to limit the voltage rise above ground and to facilitate the operation of the protective devices in the circuit. That’s right out of this code book right here.
This is what the current edition is right now it’s your 2019 and you’re looking at the 2018 version of the electrical code, so it’s good for just about three years they ever up. They update this every three years. And when they update it one year, one month in, one day, from the date of that publication date of that code book, that’s when the new code comes into effect. So this code came into effect in early 2019, I believe it was.
We goes either January or February of this year that the 2018 code came into effect. So in the next year it’ll be 2021 that’ll be the next code, rule code, book update. Then it’ll, it’ll come into effect then one year home month and one day after the fact. So in layman’s terms, between grounding and bonding, it’s anything after the surface. The service is, that’s your bonding. Anything before the service, including the service, that’s your grounding.
So the difference between a bond and a ground just has to do with really it’s source because the whole purpose of a ground is to help that over current device operate. Whether it’s a breaker, whether it’s a fuse, the whole point of the ground is to, is to limit that, that rise above ground and to facilitate that operation of that protective device, which is your breaker. So when people say that our ground fault actually has current flowing to the ground, that’s actually an incorrect statement.
A ground fault has the current flowing back to the source from where it came. And that’s what, that’s what causes that breaker to trip and open your circuit. That’s the whole point. So the whole whole idea behind grounding and bonding in the electrical field is to limit injury and to reduce any sort of property damage. So if you don’t have proper grounding and bonding and that current cannot flow back to that service and your breaker cannot open the circuit and trip, then if you have an overloaded circuit, it’s going to overheat your wires and you’re going to have an electrical fire.
And that causes property damage as well as you know, or worse, right? We don’t want, we don’t want any of that. So at our power, we all have our check sheets and templates. We go through everything. It’s grounded, everything gets bonded according to CEC.
And that way we can ensure a quality installation for whether you have a residential service or a commercial service, whatever your system may be. We have the grounding and bonding procedure for it, as an Edmonton electrician. So we’ll go through the applications here. Uh, there’s many different applications for grounding and bonding. We’ll go through the different kinds of commercial bonding you might face.
We’ll go through a grounding electrode applications from waterline to ground rods to ground plates. Um, we’ll go through why is grounding and bonding required, where is grounding required and who’s in comp, who is competent to install your ground rod or your ground plate. We’ll go through that in just a second after we take a quick break.
I wanted to finish up here with, talk to you more about grounding. So we were talking about who’s competent to install a grounding rod or a grounding plate and, uh, and where grounding is required and, and does grounding need a permit? We have some code references to talk to you about. And after all that, we’ll, we’ll talk tell you a little bit more about ourselves.
So when your Edmonton electrician says that he doesn’t want to pull a permit maybe for what he’s doing, you might want to give someone else a call at any alteration to an electrical system requires a permit so they can get pretty strict with that and fees get pretty competitive. But right here, Canadian electrical code book here, rule two dash zero zero four it States that electrical contractors or others responsible for carrying out the work shall obtain a permit from the inspection department before commencing work with respect to installation, alteration, repair, or extension of any electrical equipment.
So if you want to save a few bucks and maybe you don’t want to get that permit, usually that can be fine and dandy. However if your electrical utility provider finds out about that or if the electrical inspectors find notable that they might not be so happy about it. So it’s always there better to err on the side of caution. Even with that extra cost of a permit, it’s always good to have a second set of eyes during an inspection to give you that peace of mind for your project.
Again, we’re going to talk about the different applications where grounding and bonding might come into play for you. You might, um, need some grounding and bonding while you will need drowning and bonding in all of residential applications. But as well as that grounding and bonding is really strict in commercial laboratories.
We do a lot of work here in Edmonton commercial laboratories as well as in schools. Grounding and bonding is going to be very pertinent, especially when you have little young, younger children running around in elementary schools and preschools, you’re going to want to verify that everything is 100% bonded back to the ground because if it isn’t, he could have not only a lawsuit on your hands but much, much worse.
Something like that is a, it requires the utmost attention to as well. Hospitals grounding and bonding is huge there. You can’t have too much static current running around. Um, especially for all your equipment. Certain equipment has certain needs, and a lot of that equipment in hospitals requires isolated, drowns and isolated, um, bonds back to the source. And that’s to remove any static grounding issues. Even in condo structures, any building where there is electrical service, there needs to be adequate grounding and bonding procedures.
So for commercial bonding, you’re going to have grounding electrode typically, um, whether it’s a ground rod, ground plate, and multiple ground rods, multiple ground plates. If you have a water line that’s sufficiently sized for the application, then you can often tap onto that for your grounding electrode. But depending on the size of your facility, different commercial applications are going to have different requirements for what you’re going to use for your system electrode for your ground. All right?
Grounding is required, as we talked about before, just to minimize your injury potential. Uh, any damage destructure property damage. If you, you don’t have grounding in place, you’re gonna have a lot more electrical issues. Maybe not even just for injury or property damage, but the proper functioning of equipment in today’s age requires a grounded electrical circuit. It requires everything to be bonded. Places can burn and people can don’t want to say that the fear factor there, but there’s a lot that can go when things aren’t bonded and grounded correctly.
Who is competent to install your system, ground or your bond? Anyone can run a bond really, but just like anyone can change oil, you can make a mistake and it’s always better to have a mechanic do your mechanics on your car. If you have some electrical in your home, it’s better to have an Edmonton electrician work on your electrical in your home. You can try to tackle yourself, but you might run into some issues.
Maybe if you don’t run into issues right away, you might run into issues in the future. And for that reason, we always recommend to hire an Edmonton electrician. Hire someone local to your area, hire professional that you know and trust. And here at Hauer Power, that’s what we provide is customer service. For an honest, I don’t want this price for an honest contractor. It’s really, really pretty simple.
But a lot of the other guys out there, I won’t name any names, they charge $300 to come to the door before they even tell you what they can do or before they even fix your problem. Our call, it’s one 85 that covers an hour and a half of labor that’s fixing your problem.
Just over half the price. It’s crazy. Give us a call. Uh, at Hauer power electrical, our mission is to provide power through customer service. So if you, if you want customer service give us a call. Any electrician can solve your issue, but that where the artists, ones that you can know and trust. Give us a call, have a great day guys, and stay tuned for our next edition of your Edmonton electrician.